Restoring the Eucalypt Woodlands of the WA Wheatbelt

The Eucalypt Woodlands of the Western Australian Wheatbelt have long been iconic part of Australia’s identity, history, and unique landscape and are now considered critically endangered.

Eucalypts are a keystone species in the Wheatbelt, providing shelter, homes, and vital ecological services to local fauna and farming community. Once spanning from as far north as Mullewa and as far south as Cranbrook, these majestic woodlands are made up of a diverse range of Eucalypt species; Wandoo, Salmon gum, and York gums being the most well-known.

Today, these unique woodlands are suffering under many increasing pressures. Historical land clearing has seen this ecological community become highly fragmented, and significantly impacted by weed incursion, grazing herbivore pests, and a loss of biodiversity.

Also known as the WA Wheatbelt Woodlands, this community can be identified by a dominant upper-story of single-trunked eucalypt trees or mallets that are typically well spaced to form an open canopy. Within the Northern Agricultural Region (NAR), the most common species found in woodlands include Eucalyptus salmonophloia (Salmon gum), E. loxophleba (York gum), E. salubris (Gimlet), E. longicornis (Red morrel), and E. wandoo (Wandoo). 

Like many other types of vegetation communities, the WA Wheatbelt Woodlands has adapted to its local geology and climate, reflected in the many different floristic assemblages across its range. They are part of Western Australia’s internationally recognised Biodiversity Hotspot, and have a high level of endemism. A variety of flora and fauna rely on the vital habitat that this unique ecological community provides. Threatened wildlife like the Carnaby’s cockatoo, Malleefowl, Western Spiny-tailed skink, and many small, native rodents, are dependent on the WA Wheatbelt Woodlands, critical to their survival.

If you would like to protect or improve a remnant patch of WA Wheatbelt Woodlands on your property, get in touch! NACC NRM is offering landholder incentives help manage key threats to this ecosystem, through our project ‘Restoring the Eucalypt Woodlands of the WA Wheatbelt’.

For more information, please contact NACC NRM’s Biodiversity team.

Jarna Kendle – Biodiversity Program Coordinator

E | P (08) 9938 0108 | M 0477 177 164

Samantha Comito – Biodiversity Project Officer

E | P (08) 9938 0111 | M 0448 984 899

This project is jointly funded by the Australian Government Natural Heritage Trust and NACC NRM, a member of the Commonwealth Regional Delivery Partners panel. 

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